Norway is known as a peaceful country that lies in the north-west of Europe, sharing the Scandinavian Peninsula with Sweden. Home of Vikings and ice has a total area of 385,252 square kilometers. Being a coastal nation and due to the fact that the last ice-age covered entire Norwegian territory in glaciers, it is not surprising that Norway is indeed a land of fjords.
These wonders of nature are the main reason why Norway has a 22,000km coast line. There are many stereotypes about Norwegians being restrained or arrogant but from personal experience I believe that is merely on the first glance. In fact, from 2001 to 2007, as well as in 2009 and 2010, Norway had the highest human development index ranking in the world.
In July of 2011 the country suffered two sequential terrorist attacks against the government, the civilian population and a summer camp. On 22 July, a mad right-wing extremist Anders Behring Breivik, deployed his monstrous plan into action and shook the entire world with the brutality of the murders.
Internet used for the bomb planning
Breivik had participated for years in debates in several Internet forums where he spoke against Islam and immigration. Some sources claim he was preparing for the attacks at least two years, though he carefully concealed his violent intentions. Aside from visiting firing ranges and foreign countries with relaxed gun laws to practice killing skills, he set up a company which allowed him to legally acquire materials neccessary to create a bomb. Breivik had also written a manifesto stating his extreme views.
In the manifesto he published on the internet just before the attacks, Breivik said he was on a crusade against Islam and showed his hatred for Western democracies, saying it had spawned the multicultural society he loathed. He also gave detailed information how to make explosives and where to get supplies, retelling his experiences in ordering chemicals such as aluminum powder and sodium nitrate. Breivik paid for most of the supplies using PayPal, avoiding personal contact. After the incident nineteen people in Poland were arrested on suspicion of providing explosives and bomb-making material to the the Norwegian terrorist who killed numerous people in Oslo. The arrests included twelve people from a Poznan-based company that sold explosive fuses over the Internet.
The original plan had two objectives, to hit the government and the Prime Minister of Norway with a handmade bomb in Oslo, while simultaneously using the disturbance to create a massacre on Utoya Island. Breivik built his bombs on a rented farm 100 miles north of the Norwegian capital. Posing as a common farmer, Breivik also reportedly bought fertilizer from a local store without incident or suspicion. Five days after his arrest, Norwegian police detonated a cache of left-over explosive materials at the farm in order to estimate the blast effects.