Libyan civil war introduction

Libya is a North African country structured as a tribal society. Most of the population is concentrated in cities along the Mediterranean coast, where the centers of economy are located. Main focus is oil export, since Libyan oil is of the world's highest quality, being lighter and easier to refine than other deposits. Recent conflicts have put the country in the state of civil war, with rebel forces trying to defeat those loyal to Muammar Gaddafi.

Former army leader that has ruled Libya for more than 40 years, made corruption, torture, executions, lack of respect for human rights an everyday occurrence.Banning and brutally opposing anyone opposing his ideology, Gaddafi criminalized the peaceful protests and general associations thus denying the right to free speech.

In 2011, as the wave of revolutions hit the Arab world, the Libyan people rebelled against their formal leader and started a civil war.

The revolution begins
Three days after the fall of Egyptian President Hosni Mubarak, Facebook served as a platform for peaceful demonstrations organization in Libya against Muammar Gadhafi. The revolt began on 17 February with a series of peaceful protests in Benghazi to show support for human rights activist Fathi Terbil. Several protesters were arrested by the police, but the real riot started with the first shoots fired against the crowd. When protests grew in size, Gaddafi sent military force to combat them.

The Libyan government employed snipers, artillery, helicopter gunships, warplanes and warships against demonstrations and even funeral processions of protesters. Hundreds of wounded and dead caused the protests to escalate into an uprising that spread across the country.

Protests turned more violent as the time passed. In Benghazi, bloody clashes erupted with soldiers firing tear gas and bullets at the crowds of protesters. The number of injured and killed people grew just as past, most of victims have been reported to die from gunshot wounds to the head. Goverment forces were ordered to crush the riots, which only brought more bloodshed. The reporters also noticed increasing number of foreign mercenaries which joined government units in attacks on population.

Demonstrations began to spread in cities across the country, including al-Baida, Ajdabiya and Misratah, where anti-government protesters leaving noon prayers were confronted by crowds supporting Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi. The forces opposing Gaddafi established a government named the National Transitional Council in Benghazi. Main goals of the new government were to overthrow the Gaddafi and hold democratic elections in Libya.

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