Libyan civil war summary

Violence surged through the Libya as the protests became a nationwide revolution. Second largest city Benghazi was taken under control by the protesters while the whole country faced anti-government demonstrations. At the time foreign journalists also begun reporting from Eastern Libya.

The Arab League suspended the Libyan delegation from their meetings until the crisis was resolved. Tobruk and Misrata followed as the next victories for rebel forces. Meanwhile in the city of Bayda, a provisional government was formed by revolution leaders. Forces loyal to the Libyan government preformed a counterattack on rebels in the town of Zawiya, 30 miles west of Tripoli. The battle was fierce but government army was unable to make headway in an assault on rebels in several cities around the country and in a major attack in the western city of Zawiyah. The rebels held the most of the cities after several days of heavy fighting, beating back tanks and artillery vehicles, special forces and regular army troops, and fighter jets.

Western nations discussed possible intervention in the Libyan civil war as American warships were stationed near Libyan waters. The tides of war turn when Gaddafi's forces regain control of Zawiyah near the main government base Tripoli. Libyan government also forces recaptured the oil port of Brega from the rebels. With government forces heading towards the main remaining rebel stronghold of Benghazi, more and more people fled over the eastern border into Egypt.

United Nation invervention
Amnesty International reported that writers, intellectuals and other opposition sympathizers captured during the conflict were subjected to torture or execution. The international community had intervened and the United Nations Security Council authorized on March 17 a no-fly zone over Libya. Resolution also allowed taking of all necessary measures, without the use of an occupation force, to protect the civilians and population under the threat of attack.

European and United States warships entered the Libyan territory as the NATO forces patrolled the skies. Colonel Gaddafi government announced a ceasefire, but didn't uphold it. In August, rebel forces recaptured most of their lost territory and much of Tripoli. The government forces began to dissipate and over 30% of the Libyan army crossed over to the rebels. The former leader was considered to hide somewhere in the country and the conflict was nearing an end.

Next: Libyan civil war aftermath